The CHSC’s body of researchers – under both exclusive and non-exclusive dedication regimes – is organised into research groups according to the focus of activities. At present, the CHSC has four research groups:
- Heritages And Local And Regional Identities
The knowledge of the past makes it possible for each region and/or local community with a common historic destiny to define its place in an increasingly globalized world and to share this particularity with an audience interested in its deep roots. According to Boaventura de Sousa Santos, empirical evidence shows us that the pre-modern can be transformed into post-modern and a sustainable future will be structured on the basis of an ecology of knowledges. Hence, it can be said that revisiting the past helps to understand the current regional imbalances and disparities, contributing to overcome them and to plan a socially and economically sustainable future, based on the endogenous resources, which also has touristic potential. The Research Group “Heritages and Local and Regional Identities” is based on these assumptions and its main goals are: to develop a knowledge of material and immaterial, architectural or environmental heritage values, as well as endogenous resources that may serve as a basis for projects of sustainable development; to study traditional knowledge and forms of popular culture; to analyze the population dynamics from a historical perspective; to identify factors that promoted development or backwardness and to define ways to overcome them; to put the acquired historical knowledge at the service of the populations.
- Meetings And Divergencies Between Cultures
In the course of history, cultures and civilizations were forged within a dialectics of meetings and divergences. Portuguese history and culture were built within the framework of a well-studied European heritage. Nevertheless, they also incorporate elements resulting from the dialogue with various world civilizations, especially with those that occupied the Portuguese territory and those that made up the former Portuguese colonies. At a time when emphasis is given to the damaging effects of globalization, especially those resulting from the risk of the standardization of cultures, customs and mentalities, it will be important to analyze, within a historical perspective, how Portugal was able to harmonize the different influences it received. Portugal’s role in this mix of peoples and continents will also be highlighted: from its contribution to the European scientific revolution of the 16th century to the role of the Portuguese in the construction of today’s Europe and of the Portuguese-speaking countries, or in the role of those who made contact with the Portuguese culture and kept it alive. In this respect, and on the basis of the comparative dimension of history, increased emphasis is given to the following questions: the issues of religious tolerance and intolerance, as well as those of social inclusion and exclusion, also including gender issues; the population mobilities and the migration phenomena and their effects; the reception and transposition of institutional, political and cultural models with a European nature and their adaptation to the territories of the Portuguese expansion.
- Rethinking The Job Of The Historian
This Research Group favors, along with the study of sources required by its research issues, the comparative analysis of the hegemonic paradigms in the historiographical interpretations in the long and medium terms (from the Middle Ages to the present time), as well as the study of its leading figures and the “Schools” to which they belonged. Hence, its scope encompasses fields which, presently, range from the history of historiography to others that, more recently, have been referred to as “historical culture”. This fact calls for a closer reflection on subjects related to the theory of history and of historiographic knowledge. The research carried out by this group encompasses the following aspects: analyzing the impact of the epistemological debates on the status of historiographic knowledge in the 19th and 20th centuries; correlating historiography with other productions (literary, iconographic, monumental…); researching on the key moments of consolidation both of the political memories and of the memory policies; understanding at the level of the sources, both historical texts and monumental productions, the silences and repressions that make it possible to discover what was forgotten, contributing to writing of the history of oblivion.
- Study And Publication Of Sources
Este grupo de investigação dá sequência a uma longeva tradição na análise e na publicação de fontes iniciada pelo Instituto de Paleografia e Diplomática da Faculdade de Letras de Coimbra e pretende disponibilizar informação relativa a acervos históricos e, em simultâneo, ser um suporte da pesquisa desenvolvida no âmbito dos vários grupos de investigação do CHSC. Propõe-se estudar fontes escritas, em latim e português, a partir de abordagens pluridisciplinares (paleográfica, diplomática, codicológica, cultural); analisar os usos da palavra escrita como produtos socioculturais, políticos e ideológicos; publicar fontes (e guias de fontes) em livro e/ou plataformas digitais; fornecer metodologias de trabalho que alicercem o estudo das fontes, como índices e diferentes reflexões históricas; investigar a actividade e a produção documental (régia, eclesiástica, concelhia e particular), produzida durante os períodos medieval e moderno na Península Ibérica; proceder à realização de estudos sobre a história do livro, manuscrito e impresso, bem como de arquivos e bibliotecas